Morrocoy National Park is rich in fauna and flora, many visitors come to see the many species that live there. According to recent studies it is estimated that approximately 266 espcecies have been reported in the habitat Cuare Wildlife Refuge, located in this beautiful natural setting.
In both nature reserves can be found animal species as varied as the osprey, vulnerable species such as flamingos, heron paddle, pelican, Cotúa the-crested helmeted, the real parrot Amazona, the red cocorocora considered species restricted distribution as the frigate or frigate
Also inhabit many marine reptiles, including turtles stand out as the green turtle, the hawksbill turtle and the alligator cactus coast, all considered endangered. Among mammals include both marine mammals (dolphins, whales) that use the park as a refuge as well as different species of land mammals among which may be mentioned the red brocket deer, the giant anteater, the crab-eating fox, howler monkey, laziness.
The fish that breed in the park are grouper, snapper, curbina, tarpon, snook, frogfish and fish that inhabit coral reefs. Among the molluscs and crustaceans: the mangrove oyster, sea hares, quigua, there are 2 types of lobsters Panulirus argus, Panulirus grettatus, blue and red crabs, crabs, and other species. There is a diverse range of insects, although there is still no final study for which there is significant area of the country.
It corresponds to the area a tropical dry forest type. We present a very varied vegetation, a variety of flora, ranging from evergreen plants such as olives, to deciduous plants like the Indian naked tanbien are plants adapted to high salinity soils as in the case of glass grass .
Following this was the side of the hill Chichiriviche Mayorquina industry can be seen family xerophytic vegetation cactus, prickly pear and cactus. There are also four species of mangroves reported for Venezuela: red mangrove, black mangrove, white mangrove, buttonwood mangrove. Among underwater marine vegetation, there is a great diversity of algae including seagrass, which is one of the favorite foods of the green turtle.
It has a wide variety of seabirds such as pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber), red and white grunt (Eudocimus ruber and E. albus), frigate (Frigate magnificens), herons and gulls. More than 50 species of migratory birds. Extensive coral reef formations with diverse species of fish, marine invertebrates and algae. Dolphins, sea turtles and alligator from the coast (Crocodylus acutus); present. At Cerro Chichiriviche: brocket deer (Mazama americana) and caramerudo (Odocoileus virginianus), ocelot (Felis pardalis), howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus).
They are also the black mangrove (Avicennia nitida), white (Laguncularia racemosa) and buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus). In the keys is very sparse vegetation: grass of glass (Salicornia fruticosa), beach morning glory (Sesuvium portulacastrum) saladiIlo (Batis maritima), beach uvero (Coccoloba uvifera). In the semi-deciduous forest are the naked Indian (Bursera simaruba) and oak (Platymiscium diadelphum). Endemic species: Justice falconensis, Aspilia falconensis, maritime and Pitcairnia Phthirusa steyermarkii.
Morrocoy National Park is a haven for relaxation, fun and an excellent haven for nature lovers.